My, it’s been almost a year since the last time
Internet collapse was predicted, and here it is again:
If an attack or disaster destroyed the major nodes of the internet, the network itself could begin to unravel, warn the scientists who carried out the simulations.
The virtual attacks showed that the net would keep going in major cities, but outlying areas and smaller towns would gradually be cut off.
The researchers warn that the net has become more vulnerable as it has become more commercialised and key net cables are concentrated in the hands of fewer organisations.
Risk of internet collapse rising
Tuesday, 26 November, 2002, 16:42 GMT
The article correctly says that the Internet as a whole will not collapse, but there may be disconnections.
Dan Geer writes:
No more: "Somebody upgraded, so now everyone has to." By making the "public" in "public record" mean something, Massachusetts gets better accessibility, plus competition–not a sole-source provider.
Perspective: Massachusetts assaults monoculture
By Daniel Geer
Published: November 29, 2005, 4:00 AM PST
Mass. is requiring state documents to be in an open format (OpenDocument) reaadily accessible via multiple vendors’
word processing software, not to mention by OpenOffice, an open source office suite.
An unexpected aspect of traveling around New Zealand was how expensive it was to get Internet access.
NZ Telecom will sell you (directly or through vendors such as hotels or Starbucks) prepaid access cards for $10 NZ/hour.
Most sizeable towns have one or more Internet cafes where you can get rates as low as $6/hour in touristy places like
Rotorua or down to $2/hour in Auckland.
Actually, the best deal I found was at a library, which didn’t mind at all if I connected my laptop to their Ethernet,
but charged me when I used one of their computers, because that was using "their Internet".
One Internet cafe offered wireless connectivity, until asked what they charged, when they said they didn’t actually have it.
Home access is apparently mostly DSL or dialup.
New Zealand is not very high on the OECD broadband uptake figures.
Two stars in the handle of an inverted dipper of four stars in the cup, plus another:
the seven stars of the Pleiades.
I’ve never been able to look straight at them and see them all clearly before.
Going outside near Otorohanga in New Zealand near midnight, the Milky Way was
also visible as layer upon layer of stars, from the blue white points of Sirius and Procyon
like mature glowworm larvae to constellation-drawing stars to sand grains and silt,
all the way to the southern cross.
The brightest skyglow occured when Venus was about to set in the west and went behind a cloud.
As you the reader have no doubt deduced, I’m in New Zealand, or
birdland, as I like to think of it, due to all the birds that
filled niches here that mammals occupy most other places.
My purpose for being here was to fill a niche as someone who
could talk about Internet security worldwide at a conference
Science and Security: Informing New Zealand,
organized by the Royal Society of New Zealand.
I did that, and as the last speaker of the day, I was struck
by how many other talks, from geography to social science to
amelioration of landslide and flooding risks at popular tourist
sites mentioned the same themes, which included:
- Ongoing, comprehensive data gathering
- Information production by crossing data with purposes of its users
- Multiple sources of data
- Sources of data about different layers of infrastructure
- Centralized yet redundant respository
- Data mining for hazards and events
- Holistic interpretation
- Continuing dialog with users and producers of data and of the underlying infrastructures
- Neither government nor private industry can go it alone
- Avoiding risk is not managing risk
- Technology alone won’t solve anything: results must be conveyed
and affected parties must be pursuaded to act
- Summary: networks is politics
The first talk, which was about geography, mentioned many of these
There are, of course, some differences with Internet security and
Annual Honours Dinner of the Royal Society of New Zealand
in Wellington, at Te Papa, with lamb and a play about Einstein (it’s 2005,
after all), what impressed me most was the range of the awards.
Unlike the Nobels, which are constrained by whatever Alfred Nobel or
his executors who set up the awards thought was important, RSNZ can
apparently make up whatever awards they like or someone is willigg to fund.
In a refreshing lack of stodginess,
the awards thus spread from pure mathematics to forestry.
Award winners include someone who invented a method of transmitting
power over at least short distances without need for wires or microwaves,
a social scientist who has long studied internal migrations of Maoris
in New Zealand, such as from country to city,
and one who discovered that human brain cells can regenerate, despite
the former common wisdom.
Te Papa, the National Museum of New Zealand
took five years to build, partly because its location was somewhat controversial,
being on Wellington’s waterfront.
Wellington has a fine natural harbor that would probably protect it
from the worst of tsunami breakers, but not from storm surge.
So they built it on stilts, without making it obvious:
the entire ground floor is essentially empty, with everything of value
Sometimes you can work above a peril.
If you lived on a remote island, which modern conveniences
would you consider most important?
Although easily (but not cheaply) reached from Auckland,
Great Barrier is a world — and a good 50 years — away.
The island has no supermarket, no electricity supply (only private generators), no main drainage (only septic tanks),
most roads are unsealed, and petrol costs nearly double
the Auckland price.
Mobile phone reception is very limited and there are no banks,
ATMs or street lights.
Still, the great god Internet has found its way here —
practically everyone has their own website!
—New Zealand, Lonely Planet, p. 141
While these aren’t big businesses on Great Barrier Island,
the same principle seems to apply to larger companies:
the Internet is at least as important as any other service,
perhaps more so.
Here’s an interesting quote:
Consensus cannot be created with verbal formulas.
Serious disputes are seldom resolved without a genuine change in the parties’ thinking.
And a false consensus may be more productive of conflict than an honest disagreement.
—When Jesus Became God: The Struggle to Define Christianity during the Last Days of Rome,
by Richard E. Rubenstein,
The specific subject of the quotation is the negotiations the Roman Emperor Constantine
instigated around the Nicene Creed, but it seems much more generally applicable.
In my forthcoming book I mention that risk management can become a competitive advantage.
Looks like it already may be for some companies:
The growth of outsourcing has added to the complexity of the issue. Removing back-office business services to low-cost (and frequently more hazardous) locations leaves firms vulnerable to hard-to-monitor disruptions in those faraway places. Susir Kumar, chief executive of Intelenet, an Indian outsourcing firm that is 50% owned by Britain’s Barclays Bank, says that Indian firms are in fact more diligent about continuity planning than firms in the West—partly because disruptions there are more frequent (so they get more practice), and partly because costs are so much lower they can afford to duplicate more facilities. Indian outsourcers say there was little consequence for their clients from the flooding in Mumbai in July.
Business continuity planning:
When lightning strikes, Oct 27th 2005,
From The Economist print edition
I wasn’t thinking of India, but that part about more opportunity to practice
disaster recovery makes sense.